«Я повернувся» – Трамп написав перший пост у фейсбуці після зняття заборони

Повернення Дональда Трампа до популярних соціальних мереж сталося більш як через два роки після того, як керівництво соцмереж заборонило йому дописувати і розміщувати відео через заворушення поблизу Капітолію у Вашингтоні

US Experts Urge More Efforts to Thwart China’s Acquisition of US Military Technology 

U.S. former officials and experts are urging greater efforts to thwart Chinese espionage, which many believe has enabled Beijing to develop a range of advanced weaponry on the back of stolen American technology.

James Anderson, a former acting undersecretary of defense for policy, said China stole U.S. military technology for developing its J-20 fighter jet and has benefited immensely.

“They have profited greatly from their thievery over the years,” he said. “They’ve put it to good use, and they’ve come up with an advanced fifth-generation fighter,” noting that it’s “hard to say, short of actual combat,” how the J-20 matches up against the U.S. F-22 Raptor fighter.

Matthew Brazil is a researcher and writer with Jamestown Foundation who served in the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, where he both promoted and controlled U.S. high-technology exports to China. He said the FBI doesn’t have enough people to keep track of China’s activities in the U.S.

Brazil told VOA Mandarin, “Chinese communist espionage is not like an army of cockroaches crawling up our arms with daggers between their teeth. It’s spying. We can handle it with a better counterespionage system that includes both the government and the private sector working more closely together.”

He noted the FBI lacks “enough agents trained in Chinese language, culture and area studies. Congress should step in here and fund this sort of program to train people.”

U.S. Senators Marco Rubio and Mark Warner last month urged the Biden administration to expand the use of existing tools and authorities at the Treasury and Commerce departments to prevent China’s military-industrial complex and entities from benefiting from U.S. technology, talent and investments.

As of March 14, Warner’s office told VOA Mandarin, “We have not yet received a response and are following up with the relevant departments.”

VOA Mandarin emailed the Chinese Embassy in Washington asking for a comment but did not receive a response in time for publication. Anderson, who made his remarks to Fox News Digital last week, was sworn in on June 8, 2020, and resigned in November 2020.

US tech in Chinese weapons

China claims to have independently developed its fifth-generation stealth fighter J-20, which entered service in 2017. John Chipman, head of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, said on February 15 at an IISS event that China’s J-20A production is expected to surpass that of the U.S. F-22 Raptor fighter jet by the end of 2023.

China’s sixth-generation fighter jets, hypersonic weapons and missiles, and even the spy balloons that crossed the continental United States last month all appear to incorporate elements of American technology, according to DefenseOne, a Washington news site devoted to military issues.

U.S. defense officials say China has the world’s leading hypersonic arsenal.

Terry Thompson, a retired U.S. Air Force colonel and war planner at the Pentagon who blogs, told VOA Mandarin that China lacks a solid technological foundation and has a long history of stealing technology.

He said, “If you look back at the epic progression of Chinese aircraft, they say they’ve produced an aircraft that looks like and flies like the F-16 and like the F-15 and the F-18. I mean, they look just like our aircraft. They’re not building something new that comes from their own base of technology. They don’t have a base of technology.”

Thompson said China targets engine and power system technology, but also “the aerodynamics. They didn’t have the capability to coat airplanes with stealth material. They stole that from us.

“But now China is making its way right up to the table that the rest of the free world is playing on, because they are just stealing their pathway to that table.”

Old-style spies and cyberattacks

Anderson told Fox News Digital that China’s intelligence practices include the old-fashioned — spies and bribes to buy American contractors, university professors and government officials — and high-tech cyberactivity to steal key information on military weapons.

“In effect, we end up subsidizing a portion of their research and development budget because they are successfully stealing some of our secrets,” Anderson said.

Kris Osborn, president and editor-in-chief of the U.S. Military Modernization Center, said in an article published last month that China has hired at least 162 Chinese scientists who had worked at the U.S. Los Alamos National Laboratory on deep-penetrating warheads, new hardened heat-resistant nanocomposite materials, vertical-takeoff-and-landing drones and a new generation of submarine “quiet” technologies.

“However, to put things simply and clearly, many of the U.S.-driven technological advances in these critical areas appear to have been stolen by Chinese spies,” Osborn wrote.

A report published in April 2022 by BluePath Labs, a consulting firm commissioned by the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission, said, “Despite a wide body of research on China’s scientific progress, the laboratory system remains a less understood component. … This opacity not only leads to gaps in our knowledge of Chinese defense research, but in many cases has allowed these labs to fly under the radar, leading to cases of close interaction, and even cooperation between Chinese defense labs and U.S. and allied academic institutions.”

In 2023, China’s military expenditure will expand significantly, by 7.2% to $224.8 billion, according to the official budget discussed in an analysis by the Center for Strategic and International Studies.

When meeting with a delegation of the People’s Liberation Army and the Armed Police Force on March 8, China’s President Xi Jinping said China should accelerate the promotion of high-level technological self-reliance.

Emily de La Bruyere, a senior fellow at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, told VOA Mandarin that China wants semiconductor technology for military functions, development of algorithms and valuable data.

“Stealing technology has been an escalating priority. And I also say that just general aggressiveness of China when it comes to the development of these capabilities, but also its use of international presence in order to coerce – all of those are increasing,” she said. “Not only are they working to catch up, but also if they’re stealing technology from the international system for their military modernization, they’re then able to modernize more cheaply than anybody else.”

Adrianna Zhang contributed to this report.

РФ ввела санкції проти британських офіцерів, які навчали українських військових

МЗС Росії запровадило санкції проти 23 громадян Великобританії, зокрема офіцерів британських збройних сил, що навчали на території країни українських військовослужбовців, йдеться у повідомленні зовнішньополітичного відомства РФ.

Під обмеження потрапили, зокрема, командири військових формувань, які надавали інструкторів для підготовки військовослужбовців ЗСУ.

Також заборона на в’їзд до Росії МЗС запровадило щодо керівництва корпорації Zinc Network. На думку відомства, ця організація, діючи на замовлення уряду Великобританії, «веде роботу з дискредитації іноземних журналістів, які виступають із відмінною від загальноприйнятої на Заході точки зору щодо подій в Україні, надає підтримку ЗМІ, визнаним «іноагентами» на території Росії, фабрикує антиросійські матеріали для поширення у медіапросторі».

Також МЗС РФ ввело санкції щодо низки суддів та посадових осіб пенітенціарної системи Великобританії, залучених, за версією міністерства, до «пригнічення незалежних журналістів».

У середині січня 2023 року МЗС Росії заборонило в’їзд до країни 36 громадянам Великобританії, зокрема членам кабінету міністрів, представникам силових відомств та журналістам.

У травні 2022 року МЗС РФ ввело санкції проти 154 членів Палати лордів парламенту Великобританії, у червні Росія включила до списку санкцій ще 49 британців. У ньому було 29 керівників та журналістів. У вересні зовнішньополітичне відомство розширило список санкцій щодо громадян Великобританії, включивши до нього представників PR-компаній і «оборонного лобі».

З початку війни в Україні Великобританія запровадила санкції проти більш ніж тисячі фізичних осіб та ста підприємств із Росії. Обмеження зокрема торкнулися президента Росії Володимира Путіна та глави МЗС РФ Сергія Лаврова. У Росію заборонено постачати авіапаливо, предмети розкоші, товари та технології, пов’язані з нафтою та її переробкою, та фунти стерлінгів.

МЗС Британії закликало РФ покинути Грузію

Велика Британія продовжує підтримувати суверенітет та територіальну цілісність Грузії та закликає Росію виконати свої зобов’язання за Угодою про припинення вогню від 2008 року. Про це, як передає проєкт Радіо Свобода «Ехо Кавказу», заявив у Тбілісі очільник МЗС Британії Джеймс Клеверлі.

«Повномасштабне вторгнення Росії в Україну, повне ігнорування міжнародного права для вас не дивно. Агресія Росії в Грузії в 2008 році, що призвела до анексії Південної Осетії та Абхазії, розлучає сім’ї та позбавляє грузинів можливості відвідувати свої священні релігійні місця, а також землі своїх предків. Ми продовжуємо підтримувати ваш суверенітет та територіальну цілісність. Південна Осетія та Абхазія є невід’ємними частинами Грузії, і ми закликаємо Росію дотримуватись Угоди про припинення вогню від 2008 року», – заявив Клеверлі.

За його словами, як і у випадку з українцями, грузини мають суверенне право вирішувати майбутнє своєї країни без втручання ззовні, «і ми це поважаємо».

Джеймс Клеверлі прибув до Грузії з дводенним офіційним візитом увечері 16 березня. Він уже зустрівся з представниками громадянського сектору та з прем’єр-міністром Іраклієм Гарібашвілі. Клеверлі відвідає лінію розмежування на де-факто кордоні із самопроголошеною Південною Осетією. Це перший візит голови зовнішньополітичного відомства Великої Британії до Грузії з 2016 року.

New Zealand to Ban TikTok on Devices Linked to Parliament

New Zealand said on Friday it would ban TikTok on devices with access to the country’s parliamentary network due to cybersecurity concerns, becoming the latest nation to limit the use of the video-sharing app on government-related devices.

Concerns have mounted globally about the potential for the Chinese government to access users’ location and contact data through ByteDance, TikTok’s Chinese parent company.

The depth of those concerns was underscored this week when the Biden administration demanded that TikTok’s Chinese owners divest their stakes or the app could face a U.S. ban.

In New Zealand, TikTok will be banned on all devices with access to parliament’s network by the end of March.

Parliamentary Service Chief Executive Rafael Gonzalez-Montero said in an email to Reuters that the decision was taken after advice from cybersecurity experts and discussions within government and with other countries.

“Based on this information, the Service has determined that the risks are not acceptable in the current New Zealand Parliamentary environment,” he said.

Special arrangements can be made for those who require the app to do their jobs, he added.

ByteDance did not immediately respond to a Reuters request for comment.

Speaking at a media briefing, Prime Minister Chris Hipkins said New Zealand operated differently from other nations.

“Departments and agencies follow the advice of the (Government Communications Security Bureau) in terms of IT and cybersecurity policies … we don’t have a blanket across the public sector approach,” Hipkins said.

Both New Zealand’s defense force and Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade said on Friday they had already implemented bans on TikTok on work devices.

A spokesperson for the New Zealand Defense Force said in an email to Reuters the move was a “precautionary approach to protect the safety and security” of personnel.

On Thursday, Britain banned the app on government phones with immediate effect. Government agencies in the U.S. have until the end of March to delete the app from official devices.

TikTok has said it believes the recent bans are based on “fundamental misconceptions” and driven by wider geopolitics, adding that it has spent more than $1.5 billion on rigorous data security efforts and rejects spying allegations.

Nations Crack Down on TikTok

The Biden administration has demanded that TikTok’s Chinese owners divest their stakes in the popular video app or face a possible U.S. ban, the company told Reuters this week.

The move follows the introduction of a new U.S. legislation that would allow the White House to ban TikTok or other foreign-based technologies if they pose a national security risk.

Other countries and entities have also elected to ban the app.

TikTok is owned by China-based ByteDance, the world’s most valuable start-up. Numerous countries have raised concerns over its proximity to the Chinese government and hold over user data across the world.

Here is a list of countries and entities that have implemented a partial or complete ban on TikTok:

New Zealand

Became the latest country to target TikTok, imposing a ban on the use of the app on devices with access to the parliamentary network amid cybersecurity concerns.

United Kingdom

Would ban TikTok on government phones with immediate effect, and asked the National Cyber Security Centre to look at the potential vulnerability of government data from social media apps and risks around how sensitive information could be accessed and used.


Banned TikTok and dozens of other apps by Chinese developers on all devices in June 2020, claiming that they were potentially harmful to the country’s security and integrity.


Is in talks to ban TikTok and video game PUBG, with the Taliban claiming those were leading Afghan youths “astray.”


Banned TikTok at least four times, with the latest ban ending in November, over what the government said was immoral and indecent content on the app.


Belgian federal government employees will no longer be allowed to use TikTok on their work phones, Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo said on March 10.


The nation has banned TikTok on government-issued devices due to security risks.


Banned TikTok and some other Chinese apps on state-owned devices and in December 2022 launched a probe into the social media app over suspected illegal operations on the island.

United States

The U.S. government’s Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), a powerful national security body, in 2020 unanimously recommended ByteDance divest TikTok because of fears that user data could be passed on to China’s government.

In early March, legislators from both major U.S. parties introduced a bill to ban the popular app in the United States.

Congress previously passed a bill in December 2022 to ban TikTok on federal devices.

US educational institutions

Boise State University, the University of Oklahoma, the University of Texas-Austin, and West Texas A&M University are some of the schools to ban TikTok on university devices and Wi-Fi networks.

US states

Texas, Maryland, Alabama and Utah are among the more than 25 states that have issued orders to staff against using TikTok on government devices.

European Commission and European Parliament

The European Union’s executive arm, the European Commission, has issued an order to ban the use of popular Chinese app TikTok on its staff’s phones due to cybersecurity concerns. Separately, the European Parliament also banned the app from staff phones.

Уряд Словаччини погодив передачу Україні МіГ-29

Уряд Словаччини у п’ятницю схвалив безоплатну передачу винищувачів МіГ-29 Україні, повідомив тимчасовий виконувач обов’язків прем’єр-міністра Едуард Гегер.

Це рішення робить Словаччину другою країною-членом НАТО, яка погодилася на запит України про надання військових літаків для захисту від вторгнення РФ.

Аерофлот Словаччини з 11 літаків МіГ-29 був виведений з експлуатації минулого літа, і більшість з цих літаків у неробочому стані. Справні відправлять, а решта піде на запчастини.

Словаччина також поставить частину своєї системи протиповітряної оборони KUB, сказав Гегер.

У четвер президент Польщі Анджей Дуда заявив, що його країна передасть Києву близько десятка винищувачів МіГ-29. Дуда зазначив, що найближчими днями Польща передасть чотири військові літаки радянського виробництва та інші, які потребують обслуговування та будуть поставлені пізніше.

Держдеп США: є ознаки, що Росія намагається дістати з Чорного моря уламки збитого дрона

Виступаючи в ефірі CNN, Нед Прайс також сказав, що американські військові «вжили заходів для зменшення розвідувальної цінності» безпілотника до того, як він розбився

Росія втратить військовий вплив у пострадянських державах через війну проти України – ISW

Окремо аналітики зауважили, що передислокація Росією елементів своїх «миротворчих сил» з Нагірного Карабаху в Україну підриває вплив Росії на Вірменію

White House Voices Support for Bipartisan Push to Ban TikTok

Time may be running out in the U.S. for Chinese-owned entertainment platform TikTok, with the White House on Thursday supporting proposed legislation that would effectively ban the app over concerns about the safety of the data of the 100 million Americans who use the trendy video platform.

“The bottom line is that when it comes to potential threats to our national security, when it comes to the safety of Americans, when it comes to privacy, we’re going to speak out, and we’re going to be very clear about that, and the president has been over the last two years,” said White House press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre.

“And so we’re asking Congress to act, we’re asking Congress to move forward with this bipartisan legislation, the RESTRICT Act … and we’re going to continue to do so,” Jean-Pierre said.

When asked if the administration had any concrete evidence that the platform has used data maliciously, she pointed to an ongoing study by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) and said the White House was “not going to get ahead of their process.”

The CFIUS is an inter-agency panel that reviews certain transactions involving foreign investment and national security concerns.

Also Thursday, the U.K. prohibited the use of the app on government-issued devices – a move already imposed by the U.S., the European Union, Canada and India. And in the U.S., other entities, such as universities, have banned use of the app on their networks.

Earlier this week, TikTok leadership told U.S. media that the Biden administration has demanded that the platform’s Chinese owners divest their stakes or face a ban, issuing a statement that said “a change in ownership would not impose any new restrictions on data flows or access.”

In recent weeks, the company has been promoting its $1.5 billion plan, called “Project Texas,” for the Texas software company it has partnered with to construct a firewall between U.S. users and ownership in Beijing.

“The best way to address concerns about national security is with the transparent, U.S.-based protection of U.S. user data and systems, with robust third-party monitoring, vetting, and verification, which we are already implementing,” the statement read.

A Trojan giraffe or just a chocolate one?

TikTok, which is owned by China’s ByteDance, is best known for its bite-sized dance videos and unconventional recipes — one video providing a tutorial for Flamin’ Hot Cheetos macaroni and cheese provoked more than 24,000 reactions, including one commenter who described the recipe as “worse than first-degree murder.” It also has offered some truly revelatory feats of food engineering, like the French pastry chef who made an impressively realistic 8-foot-tall giraffe out of chocolate.

But critics of the platform say its close ties to the Chinese government make it a Trojan horse: Once the compelling app gains entry to users’ devices, it then has access to their data and information.

Earlier in March, a bipartisan group of U.S. senators introduced the RESTRICT Act, which stands for “Restricting the Emergence of Security Threats that Risk Information and Communications Technology.”

“Over the past several years, foreign adversaries of the United States have encroached on American markets through technology products that steal sensitive location and identifying information of U.S. citizens, including social media platforms like TikTok,” said Senator Joe Manchin, a Democrat. “This dangerous new internet infrastructure poses serious risks to our nation’s economic and national security.”

Senator Mark Warner, also a Democrat, one of the bill’s main sponsors, is calling for “a comprehensive, risk-based approach that proactively tackles sources of potentially dangerous technology before they gain a foothold in America, so we aren’t playing Whac-A-Mole [dealing with a recurring problem with no solution] and scrambling to catch up once they’re already ubiquitous.”

This is not the first time the White House has gone after the popular video service — the Trump administration also pushed the platform to divest. In 2020, CFIUS unanimously recommended that ByteDance divest the platform. The company tried to make a deal with Walmart, the largest U.S. retailer, and Austin, Texas-based Oracle Corp. to shift its assets into a new entity.

But analysts are divided on the next move.

“A forced sale is the right move,” said Lindsay Gorman, senior fellow for emerging technologies at the Alliance for Securing Democracy at the German Marshall Fund of the United States.

“The app gives a name and a face to the export of China’s surveillance state around the world. But now there’s bipartisan consensus that TikTok poses a national security threat to the United States’ democracy. The China tech threat — today exemplified by TikTok — may be the only thing Congress agrees on,” Gorman said.

Caitlin Chin, a fellow with the Strategic Technologies Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said stopping TikTok won’t solve the larger issue over apps using data maliciously.

“The strongest approach would be for Congress to establish comprehensive rules across the entire data ecosystem that would limit how all companies — including TikTok — use personal information in ways that could amplify the spread of harmful content,” she said.

“Policymakers should take popular interest in TikTok as an opportunity to implement industrywide protections that could benefit all of society, rather than just a messaging tool primarily geared toward the Chinese Communist Party,” Chin said.

Some information in this article came from Reuters.

Зеленський у роковини обстрілу театру в Маріуполі: злочин не буде безкарним

16 березня 2022 року російський літак скинув авіабомбу на будівлю Маріупольського драматичного театру. Після трагедії у Маріупольській міськраді заявили про понад 300 загиблих